What Is Tor?
Tor began its life in the 1990s when researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory developed “onion routing.” Onion routing makes it possible to pass messages through a network anonymously. It uses multiple layers of encryption that get peeled off one by one (like peeling an onion) as the message passes through multiple nodes in the network.
In 2004, the Navy released the second generation of Tor. In 2006, researchers involved in Tor incorporated the Tor Project and took responsibility for maintaining Tor.
Tor stands for the onion router. It is a network of thousands of computers around the world that implements onion routing. Originally designed to protect US Intelligence Agency communications online, it now serves millions of users, military, government, and civilian, in every country on Earth.
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